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Al-Qamishli: Second Kurdish oppositional coalition founded

KURDWATCH, January 7, 2011—On December 22, 2011, several Kurdish parties founded the Union of Kurdish Democratic Forces in Syria. The Kurdish Future Movement in Syria, ʿAbdurrahman Aluji´s Kurdish Democratic Party — Syria and the Kurdistan Union Party in Syria belong to this new coalition.
The new coalition has formulated the following positions:
1. The fall of the regime and all of its symbols and structures, the continuation of the peaceful revolution in all parts of Syria, the continuation of the same in the Kurdish regions and the intensification of calls for strikes and civil disobedience in all Kurdish regions;
2. Consolidation of the efforts of the rebelling youth in the Kurdish regions, coordination among the youth as well between the youth and other players in the Syrian revolution;
3. In cooperation with all appropriate authorities, the protection of civilians should be safeguarded, all Arab and international efforts in this regard should be supported and implementation by international organizations should be assured as quickly as possible;
4. Dialogue with all Kurdish political powers outside of the coalition, coordination of the efforts to ensure the unity of the Kurds;
5. Communication with all players in the Syrian opposition, both inside the country and abroad, as well as with the Syrian National Council and Syrian-patriotic figures in particular, in order to make cooperation, understanding, and joint action possible and thus to achieve together the goals of the revolution;
6. The coalition states that those people who have opposed the authoritarian regime and sacrificed themselves in the fight against it as well as those who were tortured receive legitimacy;
7. The coalition makes clear that the patriotic decisions of the Syrian Kurds will be made independently and that at the same time the national Kurdish interests must be protected;
8. The introduction of a parliamentary system and a democratizing of daily life on the basis of diversity, the peaceful transfer of power, the rule of law, the division of powers and the protection of the rights and particular characteristics of all parts of Syrian society;
9. Constitutional recognition that Syria is a civil state with various religions, religious denominations, and ethnicities (Arabs, Kurds, Chaldeans, Assyrians, Arameans, Armenians, Chechens, Circassians, Turkmen, and Yazidi) so that the political and cultural rights of all are guaranteed;
10. Constitutional recognition of the national rights of the Kurdish people in Syria within the framework of a democratic and patriotic consensus and on the basis of state equality of the Kurds as a main ethnicity alongside an Arab ethnicity; recognition that the Kurdish question is a question of a people that lives of its own free will on its historic territory. The Kurdish question must be solved democratically and justly, all laws, decrees, and racist projects against the Kurdish people, as, for example, the Arab Belt, the special census, and the policies of Arabization and the neglect of the Kurdish regions as well as their negative consequences must be repealed, and the victims must be compensated for;
11. The rights of all citizens to free speech and free assembly, the exercise of their personal freedoms and [religious] rituals, and their participation in all public affairs must be guaranteed; furthermore the human dignity of all citizens on the basis of the consolidation of civic right must be respected;
12. The rejection of violence and the encouragement of forgiveness, reconciliation, and tolerance among all citizens, as well as respect for all international treaties and conventions, as well as for human rights;
13. Elimination of all forms of totalitarian, authoritarian, and exclusionary thoughts and practices, regardless of pretense; Nonviolence in the context of political activities and the guarantee of transparency in political relationships; neutralization of the military and the security authorities, so that they are neither politically active nor can they stand for election or be able to vote;
14. The decentralization of the state in accordance with the demands of progress and regional development; the assurance of equal opportunities and the just division of national wealth, as well as an increase in the standards of living for all Syrian citizens; the creation of new administrative divisions that take the interests of the citizens of each region into account; determination of a portion of the income of the individual provinces to be used for infrastructure and development projects in these provinces;
15. The new Syrian state guarantees women all of their rights, including the right to actively participate in political life, as well as in all other areas; young people and their issues must receive serious attention and their inclusion in civil, cultural, social, economic, and political areas of society must also be guaranteed;
16. The new Syrian state is a civilized, civil state and a true factor of stability in the Arab, regional, and international context;
17. The future of the occupied Syrian regions must be determined on the basis of the resolutions of the United Nations Security Council and with international legitimacy;
18. In the transition period following the fall of the regime the Union of Kurdish Democratic Forces in Syria, together with the Syrian National Council, will ensure the security in the Kurdish regions through the establishment of local councils; the Union of Kurdish Democratic Forces in Syria and the Syrian National Council will take part in the transitional government in order to administer the affairs of the country;
19. The Union calls for a patriotic conference under the slogan of democratic change, in order to develop a program for the period of transition together with all representatives of Syrian society who did not commit crimes against the people and did not enrich themselves at the expense of the state;
20. The transitional government will organize free elections for a founding assembly under international supervision within a period of no more than one year; the founding assembly will have the task of developing a new constitution, which will be presented to the people for a vote in a general referendum;
21. According to the new constitution, parliamentary elections should take place within a period of six months and no longer.


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