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KURDWATCH, September 29, 2014—On September 26, 2014, Turkish border soldiers near ʿAyn al‑ʿArab (Kobanî) opened fire on a group of refugees who were attempting to illegally cross the border between Syria and Turkey. Muhyiddin Saʿid Hibbu and Mazlum Saʿid Hibbu were killed, and five additional people were injured. Those killed had been trying to bring their herd of sheep to safety in Turkey ahead of the attack by the Islamic State (IS) [further information].

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KURDWATCH, September 29, 2014—On September 17, 2014, employees of the Asayiş, the security service of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), closed the office of the Kurdish Democratic Progressive Party in Syria on the grounds that the Progressive Party had not applied for authorization with the transitional administration of the canton of ʿAfrin. The parties of the Kurdish National Council, of which the Progressive Party is a member, do not recognize the PYD-appointed transitional administration.

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KURDWATCH, September 29, 2014—On September 23, 2014, the Kurdish National Council organized a demonstration in al‑Qamishli against the attack by the Islamic State (IS) on ʿAyn al‑ʿArab (Kobanî). Approximately two thousand people took part in the rally. That same day, approximately two hundred people in al‑Hasakah protested against the Islamic State; the previous day around two hundred people also protested in ad‑Darbasiyah. The Kurdish National Council and various youth movements organized both rallies. On September 24, several hundred people took part in a demonstration in al‑Qahtaniyah (Tirbesipî), which was also organized by the Kurdish National Council. A similar demonstration on September 25 in al‑Maʿbada (Girkê Legê) with roughly two hundred participants was co-organized by the Kurdish Youth Movement and the Kurdish National Council.

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KURDWATCH, September 29, 2014—On September 7, 2014, employees of the Asayiş, the security service of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), kidnapped a leading member of the Kurdish Youth Movement in ʿAfrin. The Asayiş justified the kidnapping of Jangiz Khalil (b. 1973, married, two children) on the grounds that he »diminished the reputation of the Asayiş«. Khalil was released eight days later.

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KURDWATCH, September 27, 2014—In mid September 2014, the transitional administration for the canton of Jazirah, appointed by the Democratic Union Party (PYD), issued a form for applying for a temporary residence permit. The document is intended for Syrians who have fled to the Kurdish regions as the result of the civil war. Among other things, the document requires the name of a sponsor. Already at the end of August, newcomers in the city of al‑Jawadiyah were asked to apply for a residence permit and provide a sponsor [further information]. The measure underscores the PYD’s claim to exercise state power.

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KURDWATCH, September 27, 2014—In early September 2014, the management of a bakery in al‑Qamishli controlled by the Democratic Union Party (PYD) released thirty-five bread vendors. The bakery supplies all districts in the eastern part of the city. One of the dismissed vendors told KurdWatch: »Management claimed that the bakery was receiving too little flour and therefore had to dismiss us. But that’s not true. We know that they replaced us with PYD supporters.« Alongside various small bakeries, there are two modern, large-scale bakeries in al‑Qamishli that meet more than half of the demand for the entire city. One is controlled by the PYD, the other by the regime.

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KURDWATCH, September 24, 2014—Since September 19, 2014, more than one hundred thousand people from the city of ʿAyn al‑ʿArab (Kobanî) and the surrounding villages have fled to Turkey due to the advance of the Islamic State (IS). According to KurdWatch information, by the evening of September 19, the Islamic State had captured and partially destroyed more than one hundred villages in the region. Until September 20, the Democratic Union Party’s (PYD) People’s Defense Units (YPG) were fighting on only one front in the east of ʿAyn al‑ʿArab. Since the morning of September 22, fighting is reportedly taking place on three fronts: eight kilometers to the west, ten kilometers to the east, and twelve kilometers to the south of ʿAyn al‑ʿArab. Around three hundred fighters for the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) reportedly came from Turkey on September 21 and are supporting the YPG. In addition, YPG fighters are said to have been trying since September 21 to reach ʿAyn al‑ʿArab from Raʿs al‑ʿAin (Serê Kaniyê). It is unclear why the IS has not been able to advance into the city of ʿAyn al‑ʿArab. According to eyewitness reports, the YPG had withdrawn from the city so that it would have been easy to capture.
Irritations arose on September 19, shortly after Turkey opened the official border crossing in ʿAyn al‑Arab, YPG‑fighters prevented refugees from crossing the border there. A short time later, however, the Turkish government opened several unofficial border points. The official border crossing was blockaded by the YPG until at least September 21.

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KURDWATCH, September 22, 2014—On September 14, and 15, 2014, negotiations took place once again [further information] between armed units of the Free Syrian Army (FSA) and the Islamic State (IS) on one side and the regime and the Democratic Union Party (PYD) on the other. Both sides agreed to end the fighting. Eyewitnesses report that FSA and IS units subsequently withdrew from Ghuwayran. Syrian units were then able to take the district without any resistance.

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KURDWATCH, September 22, 2014—According to information from the Democratic Union Party’s (PYD) People’s Defense Units (YPG), the YPG has freed nineteen Arab villages between al‑Qamishli and Tall Hamis, located forty kilometers to the south. The villages, which were under the control of the Islamic State, were freed between September 13, and 16,  2014. Four YPG‑fighters were allegedly killed in the fighting. However, Arab activists have accused the YPG of killing several dozen civilians in the attacks. The National Coalition has condemned the YPG attacks.

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KURDWATCH, September 22, 2014—On September 9, 2014, employees of the transitional administration in the canton of Jazirah, appointed by the Democratic Union Party (PYD), demanded that residents in al-Maʿbada (Girkê Legê) pay a fixed rate of five hundred Syrian lira per household for the supply of water for the past two months. The water supply is controlled by the PYD.

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