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Cities

ʿAfrin (kurd. Efrîn) is located in Aleppo province in ʿAfrin district, approximately 65 kilometers northwest of Aleppo. Approximately 470,000 people live in ʿAfrin district; the city itself has a population of around 80,000. The majority of the inhabitants are Kurds, including many Yazidi. Arabs only make up between one and two percent of the total population of ʿAfrin district. ʿAfrin is primarily known for the cultivation of olives and the ruins of the Church of St. Simeon.

ʿAmudah (kurd. Amûdê) is located in al‑Hasakah province in the district of al‑Qamishli, approximately 30 kilometers west of al‑Qamishli and 80 kilometers northeast of al‑Hasakah. The subdistrict of ʿAmudah (which comprises the city and 156 villages) has roughly 200,000 inhabitants. Numerous Yazidi live in villages south of the city. On November 13, 1960, about 200 schoolchildren died in a cinema fire in ʿAmudah, for which the government was held responsible.

ʿAyn al‑ʿArab (kurd. Kobanî) is located in Aleppo province in the district of ʿAyn al‑ʿArab, approximately 165 kilometers east of Aleppo and 30 kilometers east of the Euphrates. Close to 250,000 people live in ʿAyn al‑ʿArab district, 75,000 of whom live in the city itself.

ʿAyn Diwar (kurd. Eyndîwer) is located in al‑Hasakah province in al‑Malikiyah district, northeast of the city of al‑Malikiyah (Dêrik) on the Tigris. It is renowned for the ruins of a Roman bridge, now a popular destination for excursions. At present, roughly twenty families live in ʿAyn Diwar.

Al‑Darbasiyah (kurd. Dirbêsî) is located in al‑Hasakah province in Raʾs al‑ʿAyn district, approximately 85 kilometers north of the city of al‑Hasakah and 26 kilometers west of the city of ʿAmudah. There are roughly 120,000 inhabitants in the subdistrict of Darbasiyah, about 30,000 of whom live in the city itself.

Al‑Hasakah (kurd. Hisiça) is the capital of both the province and the district of the same name. It is located approximately 600 kilometers northeast of Damascus on the Khabur and Jaghjagh rivers and has roughly 180,000 inhabitants—Arabs, Kurds, and Christians. Numerous Yazidi live in the city, as well as in the villages to the north.

Al‑Jawadiyah (kurd. Çil Axa) is located in al‑Hasakah province in al‑Malikiyah district, approximately 40 kilometers west of al‑Malikiyah (Dêrik) and 30 kilometers east of al‑Qahtaniyah (Tirbesipî). Al‑Jawadiyah has roughly 5,000 inhabitants, half of whom are Kurds and the other half, Arabs.

Al‑Malikiyah (kurd. Dêrik) is located in al‑Hasakah province in al‑Malikiyah district, in the far northeast of Syria. The city is approximately 185 kilometers northeast of al‑Hasakah and 98 kilometers east of al‑Qamishli. Al‑Malikiyah district has approximately 175,000 inhabitants; the city itself has around 50,000 inhabitants, including about 15,000 Christians. Al‑Malikiyah is one of the districts in al‑Hasakah province in which the government has settled Arab families.

Al‑Qahtaniyah (formerly Qubur al‑Bid, kurd. Tirbesipî) is located in al‑Hasakah province in al‑Qamishli district, approximately 18 kilometers east of the city of al‑Qamishli amidst a wide fertile plain. The city has around 25,000 inhabitants. Its population consists of Kurds, Assyrians, Armenians, and Arabs. The subdistrict of al‑Qahtaniyah (including its 140 villages) has a total of around 120,000 inhabitants. Numerous Yazidi live in the city of al‑Qahtaniyah (Tirbesipî), as well as in the villages to the north.

Al‑Qamishli (kurd. Qamişlo) is located in al‑Hasakah province in al‑Qamishli district, approximately 80 kilometers northeast of the city of al‑Hasakah. With roughly 400,000 inhabitants, al‑Qamishli is the largest Kurdish city in Syria, although many inhabitants are registered elsewhere and have only recently moved there. The majority of inhabitants are Kurds (approximately 70 percent), followed by Arabs (approximately 20 percent) and Christians (approximately 10 percent). Until 1994, al‑Qamishli had a Jewish community. The last Jewish family emigrated in the summer of 2009. Al‑Qamishli attracted international attention on March 12, 2004, when riots took place for several days after a soccer match and spread throughout Syria. Al‑Qamishli has an airport for domestic air traffic. It is one of the districts in al‑Hasakah province in which the government has settled Arab families.

Raʾs al‑ʿAyn (kurd. Serê Kaniyê) is located in al‑Hasakah province in the district of Raʾs al‑ʿAyn, approximately 80 kilometers northwest of the city of al‑Hasakah and 100 kilometers west of the city of al‑Qamishli. Raʾs al‑ʿAyn (Serê Kaniyê) has roughly 50,000 inhabitants. Numerous Yazidi live in the villages south of the city. Raʾs al‑ʿAyn is one of the districts in al‑Hasakah province in which the government has settled Arab families. In addition, it is known for its natural springs.

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