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News 2009

This is a list of arrests, convictions, transfers and other measures undertaken by the state since January 2009 against Kurds in Syria. Incidents from previous years are taken into account only if they are still unresolved. Someone who was arrested in 2008 but convicted in 2009, for example, will appear on the list under the date of conviction. The information is based on at least two independent sources. In the majority of cases we communicated in person with the individual concerned, their family members, or their attorneys. We have excluded incidents from existing human-rights reports or other written sources with no further verification. In fact, numerous cases cited by Kurdish human-rights organizations have been omitted because they could not be reliably substantiated. Recruits who died while performing military service in 2009 are not included in the list. We will research these cases in detail and produce a separate report.
At the same time we must also assume that a large number of arrests and other human-rights violations during the time period of this report are still unknown to us. This refers particularly to people without connections to political parties or contacts abroad.



 December

December 31, 2009
December 31, 2009 – Ibrahîm Xelîl Biro, a member of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî) politburo, was released from custody in al‑Qamishli on December 29, 2009. [Further information on the case]

December 31, 2009
December 31, 2009 – The single military judge in al‑Qamishli rescheduled the trial of Xalid Mio Kenco on December 29, 2009; it will now take place on February 8, 2010. [Further information on the case]

December 31, 2009
Rojîn Cumaa Remo, Feleknaz Xelîl, Efra Musa Mihemed and Mihemed Xelîl Xelîl, all Democratic Union Party (PYD) activists, were released from custody on December 29, 2009 by the single military judge in al‑Qamishli. The final decision on their case is still pending. [Further information on the case]

December 28, 2009
Hesen Ibrahim Salih (b. 1947, married, seven children), Mihemed Ehmed Mistefa (b. 1962, lawyer, married, one child), Meeruf Mele Ehmed (b. 1954, married, four children) and Enwer Naso (b. 1962, civil servant, married, three children) were arrested  on December 26, 2009 in Al‑Qamishli by members of the Political Security Directorate. They were subsequently transferred to an unknown destination. The three first-mentioned are members of the politburo of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî) in Syria. The last-mentioned is an active member of the same party. According to eye-witness reports, the four activists were arrested while complying with a subpoena issued by the regional director of Al‑Qamishli. Currently no further details are available on the case.

December 25, 2009
On December 20, 2009, the single military judge in al-Qamishli postponed the decision in the case of Democratic Union Party (PYD) activists Rojîn Cumaa Remo, Feleknaz Xelîl, Efra Musa Mihemed and Mihemed Xelîl Xelîl until January 17, 2010.
Rojîn Cumaa Remo was arrested by the police on July 29, 2009 in ʿAin al‑ʿArab (Kobanî). [Further information on the case]
Feleknaz Xelîl, Efra Musa Mihemed and Mihemed Xelîl Xelîl were arrested in the apartment of Mihemed Xelîl Xelîl (b. 1960) in Damascus on August 3, 2009 by members of the Political Security Directorate. [Further information on the case]

December 25, 2009
Members of the Military Intelligence Service arrested student Hevraz Mihemed Emîn in his apartment in Maʿbada (Girkê Legê) in al‑Malikiya (Dêrik) district on December 14, 2009. Among other things his computer was confiscated. Since then his fate has been uncertain.

December 17, 2009
On December 9, 2009, the single military judge in al‑Qamishli postponed the decision in the case of Ehmed Ebdela Tacidîn, Mihemed Şerîf Silêman Mihemed, Fuad Murad Ehmed and Yasîn Mihemed Şêxmûs until January 17, 2010.
Ehmed Ebdela Tacidîn was arrested on January 4, 2009. [Further information on the case]Mihemed Şerîf Silêman Mihemed, Fuad Murad Ehmed and Yasîn Mihemed Şêxmûs were arrested on September 25, 2009. [Further information on the case]
According to their own accounts, the three last-mentioned sympathizers of the Democratic Union Party (PYD) were accused on arrest of collecting names of stateless Kurds to send to Europe. All three dispute the charge. Furthermore, they claim that during their one-month detention period in al‑Hasakah all three were regularly tortured with blows to their bodies.

December 16, 2009
The attorney and writer Mistefa Ismaîl (b. 1973) from ʿAyn al‑ʿArab (Kobanî) was arrested on December 12, 2009 when he answered a summons from the Airforce Intelligence in Aleppo. Since then his fate has been uncertain. Mistefa Ismaîl has published articles on Kurdish and Arab websites.

December 15, 2009
Nûrî Ibrahîm Şêxo (b. 1964), married and father of five children, was arrested in his apartment in Şêx Meqsûd district in Aleppo by members of the State Security on November 23, 2009. Since then his fate has been uncertain. Şêxo is a sympathizer of the Democratic Union Party (PYD).

December 11, 2009
Yesterday, the single military judge in al‑Qamishli postponed a decision in the case of Welîd Mihemed Elî Hisên until January 31, 2010. Hisên, a student and member of the Kurdish Freedom Party in Syria (Azadî), had been arrested on March 7, 2008. [Further information on the case]

December 11, 2009
The whereabouts of Bahcad Elî Ibrahîm, who was arrested on October 20 in ʿAmuda, were revealed yesterday. Since October 23, 2009, he has been in custody in Aleppo. The military prosecution there referred his case to the single military judge in al‑Qamishli. Ibrahîm is to be transferred to al‑Qamishli in the next few days. [Further information on the case]

December 10, 2009
December 10, 2009 – Yesterday, the single military judge in al‑Qamishli postponed a decision in the case of Silêman Ebdilmecîd Oso until January 17, 2010. Oso, a member of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî), was arrested on March 20, 2009 by members of the Military Intelligence Service in al‑Hasakah. [Further information on the case]

December 7, 2009
One month after his arrest, the fate of the writer Ehmed Mihemed Mistefa, also known as Pîr Rustem, (b. 1963), married with two children, remains uncertain. Mistefa was arrested on November 5, 2009 in Jandris (Cendrês), ʿAfrin district, by members of the Political Security Directorate in Aleppo. He had returned a few days earlier from a stay of several months in Kurdistan/Iraq. In addition to his work as a writer – he has written four volumes of stories in the Kurdish language – Mistefa is active in Dr. Ebdilhekîm Beşar’s Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria (el-Partî). He is also a member of the National Council of the Damascus Declaration. Mistefa has published numerous political articles on the Internet.

December 4, 2009
Nineteen days after their release from custody, Kurdish student Şivan Mihemed Hesen Ebdo (b. 1981) and Kurdish engineering assistant Kadar Mihemed Nûrî Ismaîl (b. 1985) continue to await trial. Ebdo and Ismaîl were arrested by members of the Syrian police on June 21, 2009 near Tall al-Hawa (Girbalat), al‑Malikiyah district, when they crossed the Iraqi-Syrian border illegally.
After stays in state security prisons in al‑Qamishli (twenty-three days) and Damascus (twenty-two days), in the Political Security Directorate’s al‑Faihaʾ prison (three months), as well as in Military Intelligence Service prisons in Damascus (three days), Homs (one day) and Aleppo (one day), they were released from custody following a decision by the single military judge in Aleppo on November 8, 2009. In Aleppo they were accused of illegal entry and exit, as well as violations pursuant to Article 307 of the criminal code. The judge furthermore accused them of working with the Kurdish intelligence service in the Iraqi federal state of Kurdistan. Their trial is pending before the single military judge in al‑Qamishli, to whom the case has been transferred. To date the valuables (including money and cell phones) confiscated at the time of their arrest have not been returned to Ebdo and Ismaîl.
On March 29, 2004, the Supreme State Security Court in Damascus had sentenced Şivan Mihemed Hesen Ebdo to three years imprisonment for »spreading false information«. The sentence was reduced to two and a half years. In an article published on the Internet during the unrest in March 2004, he had pointed out repressions against Kurdish students at the University of Damascus. Ebdo’s family only received information about the whereabouts of their son after he had already spent seven months in custody. During his detention, which lasted until September 20, 2006, Ebdo was tortured. Pursuant to Article 49 of the criminal code, Ebdo, who was an engineering student at the time, also lost his civil rights; he was not allowed to continue his studies or to leave the country. After his release, he left for Kurdistan/Iraq illegally, where he began to study psychology at the University of Erbil in 2008. The death of his father led him to return home. Kadar Mihemed Nûrî Ismaîl is a stateless Kurd. On March 4, 2008, he had left illegally for Kurdistan/Iraq, where he worked as an engineering assistant in Erbil.

December 4, 2009
The single military judge in al‑Qamishli has scheduled January 17, 2010 as the date for the first hearing in the case of four Kurdish musicians. Singers Cemal Elî Seedun and Nîhad Hisên Yûsiv, and musicians Dijwar and Ciwan Munîr Ebdela had been arrested at a wedding in al‑Malikiyah (Dêrik) on October 3, 2009 and were charged pursuant to Article 307 of the criminal code. [Further information on the case]

December 4, 2009
Remedan Hesen Ehmed (b. 1930), Hesen Ebdilkerîm Hacî (b. 1948) and Ciwan Ebdilselam Hesen (b. 1997) were released from custody yesterday. They had been arrested on November 26, 2009 in Safah (Celo), al‑Malikiyah district, after lighting the traditional fire in the region on the eve of the Islamic sacrifice festival. Local police suspected the three individuals of sympathizing with the PKK. Their case was transferred to the criminal court in al‑Malikiyah, where they were cleared of the charge of being PKK sympathizers.

November

November 25, 2009
The single military judge in al‑Qamishli postpones the decision on Xalid Mio Kenco’s case until December 29, 2009. A request by the defense to release Kenco is denied.
Xalid Kenco was deported from the Federal Republic of Germany on September 1 and arrested by the state security in al‑Qamishli on September 13. He has been in custody ever since. [Further information on the case]

November 25, 2009
The single military judge in Al‑Qamishli postpones court case decisions on Ebdilselam Şêxmûs Mehmûd, Ramî Şêxmûs el‑Hesen, Xelîl Ibrahîm Mihemed and Mihemed Şêxo Îsa until January 17, 2010.
El‑Hesen, Mihemed and Îsa were arrested on March 16, 2009 for taking part in minutes of silence for the victims of the poison gas attack on the Iraqi-Kurdish city of Halabja. [Further information on the case]
Mehmûd was arrested after playing »Helebçe« by Kurdish singer Şivan Perwer at his music studio to mark the same occasion. [Further information on the case]

November 18, 2009
Bêrîvan Farûq Mihemed (b. 1988), married to Fewzî Şingalî, secretary of the Syrian Kurdish Democratic Concord Party (Rêkeftin) and mother of a four-month old baby, and Selîm Ezîz (b. 1975), brother of the secretary of the Rêkeftin, are released from custody in the al‑Faihaʾ prison of the Political Security Directorate in Damascus. Ezîz is ordered not to leave Damascus. Mihemed is allowed to travel to al‑Qamishli with her child.
Bêrîvan Farûq Mihemed and Selîm Ezîz returned to Damascus from Sulaymaniyah (Kurdistan/Iraq) on October 18, 2009. They were interrogated for several hours at the airport and had their passports confiscated. Subsequently required to report to the Political Security Directorate in Damascus several times, they were arrested there on November 17, 2009.
Bêrîvan Farûq Mihemed is a Syrian citizen and lives with her husband in Sulaymaniyah. She had traveled to Syria to see a doctor. Selîm Ezîz is also a Syrian citizen and worked in the Kurdistan/Iraq region for eight months. Their passports have not yet been returned to them.

November 18, 2009
Yûsiv Hacî Yûsiv, resident of al‑Malikiyah (Dêrik), married, father of three children, and Ebdela Mihemed Domo (b. 1975), resident of al‑Malikiyah, married, are released from custody in al‑Qamishli. Their trial is pending before the single military judge in al‑Qamishli. The next hearing is scheduled for December 29, 2009. Both PYD sympathizers were arrested on August 16 by members of the Political Security Directorate in al‑Hasakah. Their case was transferred to the single military judge in al‑Qamishli, who, on September 17, charged them pursuant to Article 336 of the criminal code.

November 15, 2009
The Second Criminal Court in Damascus pronounces the following sentences: Mustafa Jumʿa Bakr (b. 1948), Mihemed Seîd Hisên el‑Umer (b. 1955) and Seedun Mehmud Şêxo (b. 1966), leading members of the Kurdish Freedom Party in Syria (Azadî), are each sentenced to three years in prison pursuant to Article 285 of the criminal code and to six months in prison pursuant to Article 307 of the criminal code. Additionally their civil rights are revoked pursuant to Article 288 of the criminal code. The penalties are combined and the more severe penalty is to be carried out. The above named individuals are acquitted of violations pursuant to Articles 298 and 306 of the criminal code. On January 10, 2009, Mustafa Jumʿa Bakr was imprisoned in the prison of the Farʿ Filastin, a branch of the Military Intelligence Service in Damascus. His fellow party members Mihemed Seîd Hisên el‑Umer and Seedun Mehmud Şêxo were arrested on October 26, 2008 in Rumailan and Raʿs al‑ʿAyn (Serê Kaniyê) respectively.

November 11, 2009
Mihemed Salih Xelîl (b. 1953), member of the politburo of Dr. Ebdilhekîm Beşar's Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria (el‑Partî), married and father of four children, is arrested by members of the Military Intelligence Service in the village of Nazoşaxî, ʿAfrin district and brought to Aleppo. On August 19 respectively 20, 2009, two of Mihemed Salih Xelîl's fellow party members were arrested after one of them was found carrying party publications. During the interrogation they claimed to have received them from Mihemed Salih Xelîl. Since then Xelîl had been on the run.

November 8, 2009
The Supreme Security Court in Damascus pronounces the following sentences:
Nasir Ehmed Mihemed (b. 1987), a medical student and member of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), is sentenced to six years in prison for membership of an illegal organization pursuant to Article 267 of the criminal code. He was arrested on August 6, 2008 by members of the Political Security Directorate in Damascus.
Raid Fewaz Elî, member of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), is sentenced to six years in prison for membership of an illegal organization pursuant to Article 267 of the criminal code. Raid Fewaz Elî was arrested on July 19, 2008.
Siûd Şêxmus Ibrahîm, a member of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), is sentenced to six years in prison for membership of an illegal organization pursuant to Article 267 of the criminal code. Siûd Şêxmus Ibrahîm was arrested on January 25, 2009.
Ebdilrehman Mistefa Mihemed (b. 1974), a member of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), is sentenced to six years in prison for membership of an illegal organization pursuant to Article 267 of the criminal code. Ebdilrehman Mistefa Mihemed was arrested on November 26, 2008.

November 3, 2009
The Supreme State Security Court in Damascus pronounces the following sentences: Ceger Mihemed Ekrem Şêxo (b. 1989) and Sefqan Reşîd Xelo (b. 1990), members of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), are arrested for membership of an illegal organization and each sentenced to five years in prison pursuant to Article 267 of the criminal code. Additionally, they are each sentenced to ten years in prison and hard labor pursuant to Article 298 of the criminal code. The penalties are combined and the more severe penalty is to be carried out. Ceger Mihemed Ekrem Şêxo was arrested on January 15, 2007. Sefqan Reşîd Xelo was arrested on November 30, 2006.
Ferhad Mihemed Mihemed is sentenced to ten years in prison pursuant to Article 267 of the criminal code for membership of an illegal organization, the Democratic Union Party (PYD). Mihemed was arrested on November 29, 2006.
Reşîd Reşîd Xelo (b. 1958) is sentenced to seven and a half years in prison pursuant to Article 267 of the criminal code for membership of an illegal organization, the Democratic Union Party (PYD). Xelo was arrested on February 19, 2006.
Şukrî Xalid Umer (b. 1988) is sentenced to five years in prison pursuant to Article 267 of the criminal code for membership of an illegal organization, the Democratic Union Party (PYD). Pursuant to Article 298 of the criminal code, he is additionally sentenced to life in prison. The penalties are combined and the more severe penalty is to be carried out. Furthermore, the penalty is reduced to twelve years due to mitigating circumstances. Umer was arrested on December 19, 2006.

November 1, 2009
Mihemed Seyfidîn el‑Xedo (b. 1986) and Nadir Newaf Xelîl (b. 1981), both members of the Democratic Union Party (PYD) and the Kurdish folklore group Zîlan, are sentenced by the single military judge in al‑Qamishli pursuant to Articles 288 and 307 to six months in prison and a fine of 100 Syrian liras. On October 13, 2008, the aforementioned individuals were arrested in Darbasiyah by members of the Political Security Directorate for hanging PYD posters. They were brought to al‑Hasakah central prison and held in custody until April 13, 2009. The six-month prison sentence has thus already been served.

October

October 30, 2009
Enter Şewket Elî (b. 1990), student of fine arts at the University of Aleppo, and Mistefa Neesan, student at the University of Beirut, are summoned to the Political Security Directorate in ʿAyn al‑ʿArab (Kobanî). There they are arrested and transferred to the Political Security Directorate in Aleppo. The reason for their arrest is unknown.

October 28, 2009
Welat Eyub Mihemed (b. 1988), a sport science student in his fourth semester at the University of Damascus, is arrested by the police at the bus station in al‑Malikiyah (Dêrik) when they find records in the Kurdish language in his traveling bag. Mihemed is brought to the Political Security Directorate prison in al‑Hasakah. Two days later, his brother, Selah Eyub Mihemed (b. 1969), a teacher and functionary in Dr. Ebdilhekîm Beşar's Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria (el‑Partî), is arrested at his apartment. An issue of the periodical Metîn, published in Kurdistan/Iraq, a Kurdish calender and CDs of a Kurdish folklore group from al‑Malikiyah are confiscated. He is also brought to al‑Hasakah.

October 27, 2009
Neşet Mistefa Henan (b. 1954), employee at the Department of Defense, is arrested at his workplace by members of the Political Security Directorate in Aleppo. According to information from his family, he is in Damascus. Henan is allegedly a sympathizer of the Kurdish Democratic Union Party in Syria (Democratic Yekîtî).

October 22, 2009
Rojhat Mihemed Mihemed (b. 1989), in his final year at a business high school in al‑Malikiyah (Dêrik), is arrested at the school by members of the Political Security Directorate in al‑Malikiyah. During his arrest, he is beaten and insulted in front of his classmates. He is brought to the Political Security Directorate prison in al‑Hasakah.

October 20, 2009
Bahcad Elî Ibrahîm (b. 1958), married and father of six children, is arrested by members of the Political Security Directorate in ʿAmudah and brought to the Political Security Directorate in al‑Hasakah. Ibrahîm is a member of the Kurdish Democratic Union Party in Syria (Democratic Yekîtî). The reason for his imprisonment is unknown and there is currently no contact to him.

October 15, 2009
Menal Ibrahîm Ibrahîm (b. 1981) and Rojhat Subhî Mistefa (b. 1992) are arrested by members of the Political Security Directorate in Aleppo. Menal Ibrahîm is a member of the illegal organization Yekîtiya Star, the women's organization of the Democratic Union Party (PYD).

October 8, 2009
Şêxa Cindo (b. 1953) and her children Fatîma Cindo (b. 1987), Azad Cindo (b. 1988), Welîd Cindo (b. 1989) and Îmad Cindo (b. 1990) are arrested and imprisoned on arrival at Damascus airport after deportation from the Federal Republic of Germany. They are transferred several times—among other places they are held in al‑Fayhaʾ prison—and spend some of their time in custody in rooms without daylight, presumably in the basement. The family is threatened with beatings and verbally harassed because the children do not speak Arabic. It has almost no contact to the outside world. One of Şêxa Cindo's relatives is allowed to see her once for a few minutes only. When Şêxa Cindo collapses due to diabetes, she is admitted to hospital. The members of the family are interrogated about how they left Syria, why they went to Germany and what they did there, though none of the familiy members was politically active in Germany. On October 22, 2009, Şêxa, Fatîma, Azad und Welîd Cindo are released from custody. Îmad Cindo's release follows on October 24. Their trial takes place before the Third Criminal Court in Damascus on October 29. They are accused of having left the country illegally. The family is ordered to pay a fine of 525 Syrian liras per person. On November 3, 2009, members of the Political Security Directorate in ʿAmudah contact the family and notify them of a further interrogation.

October 5, 2009
Ebdilcebar Silêman Meemê (b. 1976), married and a resident of al‑Hasakah, is sentenced by the single military judge in al‑Qamishli to six months in prison and a fine of 100 Syrian liras pursuant to Articles 288, 307 and 336 of the criminal code. Among other things, he is accused of being a member of an illegal organization, the Democratic Union Party (PYD). By order of the al‑Qamishli Political Security Directorate, Meemê was arrested by the al‑Jawadiyah traffic police on October 16, 2008 on his way from al‑Qamishli to al‑Jawadiyah (Çil Axa). On April 16, 2009, he is released from al‑Qamishli prison. According to his attorney, Meemê was tortured while in pre-trial custody (beatings, electric shocks, and the Dulab method, by which the prisoner is forced into a tire and beaten).

October 4, 2009
By order of the chairman of the Political Security Directorate in al‑Malikiyah (Dêrik), members of the police arrest seven people during a wedding in al-Malikiyah. Those arrested are the two wedding singers, Cemal Elî Seedun (b. 1958, stateless Kurd) and Nîhad Hisên Yûsiv (b. 1989, stateless Kurd), the two musicians, Dijwar and Ciwan Munîr Ebdela (b. 1977 and 1986, respectively), the cameraman Zahid Elî Yûsiv (b. 1963), the owner of the hall Abdillatif Yaʿkub Malak (b. 1946) and the brother of the groom Hozan Ibrahîm Mihemed Seîd (b. 1989), who applied for permission for the wedding. The arrests are made because the singer, Cemal Elî Seedun, sang a song with Kurdish nationalist content in Kurdish.
The aforementioned individuals are brought to al-Hasakah, where they are held in the Political Security Directorate prison. On October 5, 2009, with the exception of Cemal Elî Seedun, all those in custody are brought before the prosecuting attorney in al-Hasakah, who decides they should be brought to al-Hasakah central prison. On October 7, 2009 they are again brought before the prosecuting attorney, who refers the case to the single military judge in al‑Qamishli on October 8, 2009. On the same day, all those in custody – again with the exception of Cemal Elî Seedun – are brought to al‑Qamishli by military police. The single military judge in al‑Qamishli orders that they remain in custody in the Military Intelligence Service prison in al‑Qamishli until October 10, 2009.

On October 10, 2009, the single military judge in al‑Qamishli interrogates those in custody and decides to release Zahid Elî Yûsiv, Abdillatif Yaʿkub Malak and Hozan Ibrahîm Mihemed Seîd. Dijwar and Ciwan Munîr Ebdela and Nîhad Hisên Yûsiv are charged pursuant to Article 307 of the criminal code. Since then they have been held in the civil prison in al‑Qamishli (ʿAlaya district).
On October 27, 2009, members of the Political Security Directorate in al-Hasakah bring Cemal Elî Seedun before the single military judge in al‑Qamishli. The judge interrogates him and charges him pursuant to Article 307 of the criminal code. Since then he has also been held in the civil prison in al‑Qamishli (ʿAlaya district).

September

September 25, 2009
Mihemed Şerîf Silêman Mihemed (b. 1968), Fuad Murad Ehmed (b. 1962) and Yasîn Mihemed Şêxmûs (b. 1968) are arrested by the Political Security Directorate in al‑Qamishli after being told to report there. After stays in prisons in al‑Hasakah and Damascus they are released on March 3, 2009. Their case is to be heard on October 8 by the single military judge in al‑Qamishli, but the hearing is rescheduled for December 9, 2009. Pursuant to Article 288 of the criminal code, they are accused of being members of an illegal organization, the Democratic Union Party (PYD). According to statements by his attorney, Mihemed was tortured while in pre-trial custody (beatings, electric shocks, and the Dulab method, by which the prisoner is forced into a tire and beaten).

September 25, 2009
Ebdilselam Şakir Ehmed (b. 1961), attorney, is prevented from leaving Syria for Turkey. According to his own statements, he is told at the al‑Qamishli/Nusaybin border point that he is not allowed to leave the country and must contact the Military Intelligence Service in Damascus. Among those Ehmed represented were prisoners belonging to the Democratic Union Party (PYD).

September 13, 2009
Xalid Mio Kenco (b. 1977) is arrested by the State Security in al‑Qamishli. Three days later he is transferred to the State Security in Damascus, which refers his case back to the State Security in al‑Qamishli. On October 5, 2009, the single military judge in al‑Qamishli charges Kenco, citing Article 287 of the criminal code, for knowingly spreading false or exaggerated information abroad. While in Germany, Kenco had participated in several demonstrations against the Syrian regime but he was neither a member of a political party nor has he published any oppositional articles. Kenco remains in custody in al‑Qamishli. He was deported from Germany on September 1, 2009. On arrival at the airport in Damascus, he was ordered to report to the State Security in al‑Qamishli. Kenco communicated through his attorney that he had not been tortured.

September 11, 2009
Mehmûd Zibêr Mehmûd (b. 1989) and Ebdilwehab Şêxmûs el‑Faris (b. 1989), both high-school graduates, are arrested by members of the criminal investigation department around midnight at a store in al‑Qamishli. Mehmûd Zibêr Mehmûd is a member of Dr. Ebdilhekîm Beşar's Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria (el‑Partî). Ebdilwehab Şêxmûs el‑Faris is not politically active. When he is arrested Mehmûd is carrying two issues of the party newspaper Dengê Kurd. Both high-school graduates are beaten in the course of the arrest. Approximately one hour later, police storm Mehmûd Zibêr Mehmûd's apartment in the Hilêliyê quarter. They confiscate CDs of the Kurdish folklore group Koma Narîn and periodicals. Mehmûd Zibêr Mehmûd's father, Zibêr Hesen Mehmûd (b. 1963), is also arrested. After several days, the aforementioned individuals are transferred to the Political Security Directorate prison in al‑Hasakah.

September 9, 2009
Jîndar Ebdilselam Berekat (b. 1988) is arrested in his apartment by members of the Political Security Directorate in al‑Hasakah. Berekat is a member of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî) and of the Kurdish folklore group Koma Zemîn. In the course of his arrest, political and cultural leaflets, periodicals and books in Kurdish and Arabic are confiscated. Having continuously postponed his military service, Berekat is transferred to the relevant military police in al‑Qamishli on September 12, 2009. On September 17, 2009, he is drafted for military service in Damascus.

August

August 20, 2009
Memo [last name unknown] is arrested by members of the Political Security Directorate in Aleppo. According to information from the central committee of Dr. Ebdilhekîm Beşar's Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria (el‑Partî), he is a party member. He is suspected of supplying fellow party member Berzan Hamid (arrested on August 19, 2009) with party publications. Memo spends roughly two months in pre-trial custody. A trial is pending. Memo is not willing to provide further information about himself or his arrest.

August 19, 2009
Berzan Hamid is arrested by members of the Political Security Directorate in Aleppo. Police visiting him earlier about a domestic disturbance complaint had discovered party publications from Dr. Ebdilhekîm Beşar's Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria (el‑Partî) in his apartment. According to information from the central committee of the Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria (el‑Partî), Hamid is a party member. He spends roughly two months in pre-trial custody. A trial is pending. Berzan Hamid is not willing to provide further information about himself or his arrest.

August 16, 2009
Esma Murad Samî (b. 1960) from al‑Muʿabdah (Girkê Legê) in al‑Malikiyah province, married and mother of eight children, and Eyhan Murad Samî (b. 1973), also from al‑Muʿabdah, married and mother of five children, are arrested by the Political Security Directorate in al‑Hasakah. They are accused of collecting money for the Democratic Union Party (PYD) and of membership of an illegal organization. On September 17, 2009, the sisters are released by the single military judge in al‑Qamishli, to whom the case is transferred. Their trial is pending before the court. At the beginning of August 2009, they were told to appear in person at the Political Security Directorate in al‑Hasakah within a week.

August 9, 2009
Mihemed Musa Mihemed (b. 1952), secretary of the Kurdish Left Party in Syria, married and father of five daughters, is arrested in Darbasiyah and transferred to the military court in al‑Qamishli. On the same day, the judge responsible decides that the Kurdish politician must serve an outstanding penalty of fourteen days in al‑Qamishli prison: on December 3, 2008, the single military judge in al‑Qamishli sentenced Mihemed Musa Mihemed to three months in prison based on Articles 288 and 307 of the criminal code. Mihemed was imprisoned from July 19 until October 5, 2008, almost two weeks less than the full sentence.

August 3, 2009
Feleknaz Xelîl (b. 1968) and Efra Musa Mihemed (b. 1975) are arrested by members of the Political Security Directorate at the apartment of friends in Damascus. Accused of belonging to the illegal organization Yekîtiya Star, the women's organization of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), they are charged pursuant to Article 288 of the criminal code and are currently in custody in Aleppo.

July

July 29, 2009
Rojîn Cumaa Remo (b. 1970) is arrested by police in ʿAyn al‑ʿArab (Kobanî). Remo has been a member of the armed unit of the PKK for seventeen years and is active in Yekîtiya Star, the women's organization of the Democratic Union Party (PYD). Shortly before her arrest, she returned from Iraq to Syria for unknown reasons. Among other things, Rojîn Cumaa Remo suffers from chronic asthma.

July 29, 2009
Şemsidîn Hemo (b. 1958), a member of the politburo of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî), is interrogated and arrested in Aleppo by the Political Security Directorate. He is accused of having contacts abroad. On August 2, 2009, Hemo is released from custody. According to his own statements, he spent his time in custody in a dark, windowless isolation cell (180 x 110 cm). The cell was soundproof to the outside so that he lost all sense of time. He was obliged to sleep on the bare floor, which led to injuries.

July 23, 2009
Avdar Ismet Mixso (b. 1994) disappears from al‑Qamishli. In a letter to KurdWatch, his parents accuse the Democratic Union Party (PYD) of abducting their son to serve with the armed fighters of the PKK in the Qendîl Mountains in Kurdistan/Iraq. He is to be militarily trained there and then sent out to fight for the PKK. His cousin, Sîpan Îsa Hiso (b. 1994) was also allegedly abducted.

June

June 27, 2009
Barzanî Kerro (b. 1989) is arrested at Damascus airport subsequent to his deportation from Cyprus in the company of Cypriot security agents. In a telephone conversation with members of his family he said he was being taken to the Damascus branch of the Political Security Directorate.

June 20, 2009
Cegerxwîn Şêxo Elî (b. 1981, married, three children), a leading member of the Syrian Kurdish Democratic Concord Party (Rêkeftin), is arrested by members of the Military Intelligence Service in the Şêx Meqsud quarter of Aleppo. After fifty-five days in prison in Damascus (fifty-four of which are spent in the prison of the Farʿ Filastin, a branch of the Military Intelligence Service) he is released from custody on October 3, 2009 without charge. Elî states that he was arrested because of his political activity and tortured several times while in custody.

June 7, 2009
Selah Mihemed Seîd Yûnis (b. 1968, married, five children) is sentenced by the single military judge in al‑Qamishli to one year in prison and a fine of 100 Syrian liras pursuant to Article 288 of the criminal code, and pursuant to Article 307 of the criminal code to six months in prison. The penalties are reduced to a total of six months in prison and 50 Syrian liras. The sentence is subject to appeal. Members of the Military Intelligence Service arrested Yûnis on October 31, 2008 in ʿAmudah. He was brought before the single military judge in al‑Qamishli on February 5, 2009.

June 3, 2009
Rêzan Nuridîn Ibrahîm is sentenced by the single military judge to three months in prison and a fine of 100 Syrian liras for membership of an illegal organization, the Democratic Union Party (PYD), pursuant to Article 288 of the criminal code. Ibrahîm was arrested by members of the Political Security Directorate on September 19, 2008 and released from custody on November 20, 2008.

May

May 17, 2009
Emced Ebdilrehman Osman (b. 1982), journalist, is arrested when he inquires about the status of his travel documents at the Office for Emigration and Naturalization in al‑Hasakah. He is detained in al‑Fayhaʾ prison in Damascus and released on August 10, 2009. Osman had previously made repeated visits to Kurdistan/Iraq.

May 11, 2009
Mishʿal at-Tammu (b. 1957), speaker of the Kurdish Future Movement in Syria, is sentenced by the First Criminal Court in Damascus to three years in prison pursuant to Article 286 of the criminal code and to another three years in prison pursuant to Article 285 of the criminal code. The penalty is reduced to three and a half years less time served. Additionally, all of Temo's civil rights are revoked for a period of ten years pursuant to Article 288. Temo was arrested on August 15, 2008 near the city of ʿAyn al‑ʿArab (Kobanî). [The verdict]

April

April 29, 2009
Ibrahîm Xelîl Biro (b. 1965), a member of the politburo of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî), is ordered by telephone to the State Security building in al‑Qamishli, where he is arrested. Biro was responsible for Yekîtî activities in al‑Qamishli for two years. On October 21, 2009, the single military judge sentences Biro to one year in prison for membership of an illegal organization pursuant to Article 288 of the criminal code. The prison sentence is reduced to eight months. Biro is still in custody in al‑Qamishli.

April 28, 2009
Alan el‑Huseynî (b. 1986), Kawa Betal Dîko (b. 1988) und Ebdê Remê (b. 1984) are exmatriculated during a meeting of the administration of the University of Aleppo. The reason given for their exmatriculation is their participation in political activities forbidden by university statutes. Along with other students, the students in question had taken part in a minute of silence on campus organized by the Kurdish parties for the victims of the events of March 2004 (see also March 12, 2009). On May 21, 2009, the university administration revised its decision so that the students could continue their studies. [See the document]

April 18, 2009
Hozan Seyid Taha Osman (b. 1988) is released from custody. On April 30, 2009 he is sentenced to three months in prison and a fine of 100 Syrian liras pursuant to Article 288 of the criminal code. The Political Security Directorate arrested Osman in Aleppo on November 18, 2008. After prison stays in Damascus, Aleppo and al‑Hasakah, he had to appear before the single military judge in al‑Qamishli, who charged him with membership of an illegal organization, the Democratic Union Party (PYD).

April 14, 2009
The fifth single military judge in Damascus sentences the following people to one year in prison pursuant to Article 288 of the criminal code:
Fuad Reşad Elîko (b. 1950), secretary of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî). His penalty is reduced to eight months. Elîko is charged pursuant to Articles 288, 307, 336, 371, 372 and 374 of the criminal code.
Hesen Ibrahîm Salih (b. 1947), a member of the politburo of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî). His penalty is reduced to eight months. Due to an additional sentence of five months imprisonment, his total penalty amounts to thirteen months. Salih is charged pursuant to Articles 288, 307, 336, 371, 372 and 374 of the criminal code.
Faris Xelîl Iniz, Xesan Mihemed Salih Osman, Bedirxan Ibrahîm Ehmed, Merwan Hemîd Osman, Mehmud Şêxmus Şêxo, Şiyar Elî Xelîl, Bîlal Hisên Hesen Salih, Mihyedîn Şêxmus Hisên, Şêxmus Ebdê Şêxmus, Fîras Faris Yûsiv, Mazin Findyar Hemo, Ebdê Kemal Murad, Musa Sebrî Egîd, Şeelan Muhsin Ibrahîm, Cemîl Ibrahîm Umer, Welîd Hisên Hesen, Mihemed Ebdilhelîm Ibrahîm, Îsa Ibrahîm Hiso, Ebdilkerîm Hisên Ehmed, Ebas Xelîl el‑Seyid, Muslim Selîm Hadî Ibrahîm and Ebdilrehman Silêman Remo are also sentenced to one year in prison. As the aforementioned individuals are not present when the sentence is proclaimed, the judge does not refer to the articles relevant to their sentence. They are charged pursuant to Articles 288, 307, 336, 371, 372 and 374 of the criminal code.
Since the sentences were appealed, those charged are still free. Most of the convicted are sympathizers of the Democratic Union Party (PYD). With the exception of Fuad Reşad Elîko and Hesen Ibrahîm Salih, they took part in a demonstration against Turkish military deployments in the region of Kurdistan/Iraq on July 2, 2007 and were arrested for this reason. Elîko and Salih deny their participation in the aforementioned demonstration and claim not to know why they were convicted.

April 11, 2009
Welîd Mihemed Elî Hisên (b. 1986), a student and member of the Kurdish Freedom Party in Syria (Azadî), is released from custody by order of the single military judge in Aleppo. Hisên's case is referred to the single military judge in al‑Qamishli and he must appear before the judge on October 7, 2009. A further session is scheduled for December 10, 2009. At present Hisên is out of prison. He was arrested on March 7, 2008 in Tall at‑Tas (Girbeşkê) near Darbasiyah. Two days earlier he had taken part in a seminar in Darbasiyah organized by the Syrian Communist Party, where he spoke about the situation of the Kurds in Syria. After his arrest, he first spent six days in a prison in al‑Hasakah, after which he was transferred to al‑Fayhaʾ prison in Damascus. According to his own statements, he was tortured and continues to suffer from the effects to the present day. He was transferred after six months to ʿAdra prison in Damascus. According to his statements, he was also tortured there. Thus far he has been unable to continue his studies in Arabic Literature at the University of Damascus.

April 8, 2009
Members of the Military Intelligence Service storm several homes in Raʾs al‑ʿAyn (Serê Kaniyê) during the night and arrest the following people for taking part in the Newroz festivities on March 21: Kanîwar Bubê Iyana, Xelîl Hemdî, Emîr Mihemed Remo, Ferhan Salih, Ebdela Umer Ataş, Mihemed Umer Ataş, Fehed Salim Seydo, Mecdî Yûsiv Derwîş and Mihemed Yûsiv Derwîş. All of them are released from custody in al‑Hasakah on April 16.

April 8, 2009
The president of the University of Aleppo refers the cases of 123 students of Kurdish origin accused of causing unrest and chaos on campus to the University Disciplinary Board. The meeting of the Board is scheduled for May 25, 2009. At this meeting, the Disciplinary Board resolves to reprimand the students and close the case. The background to this is an event on March 12, 2009 to mark the anniversary of the events of al‑Qamishli. [See the document]

April 5, 2009
Bafil Elî (b. 1987), student and Internet activist, is arrested by members of the Military Intelligence Service in al‑Qamishli and transported to their prison in Damascus. He is released from custody on May 24, 2009. The charge against him reads »publication of material about Kurdish activities in Syria on the Internet« and »creation of Kurdish Internet sites«. On October 5, 2009, he is suspended from university for the duration of one year.

April 5, 2009
Faruq Hecî Mistefa (b. 1968), journalist, is arrested in Aleppo. On June 17, 2009 he is released from custody. He is accused of meeting a German journalist and of publishing numerous articles in Lebanese newspapers. The case is pending before the military court in Aleppo.

April 1, 2009
Şahbaz Nezîr Umer (b. 1978), a member of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî), and Siwar Şêxmus (b. 1983) are released from custody. The case is pending before the court. With reference to Article 307 of the criminal code, Umer und Şêxmus were arrested in their shops on December 20, 2008 for possession of Yekîtî publications.

March

March 31, 2009
The education authorities in al‑Hasakah resolve to transfer the following teachers:
Ebdilqadir el‑Xeznewî, a sympathizer of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî). El‑Xeznewî, who had been a teacher in al‑Qamishli for 28 years, is transferred to a position in the Education Administration of al‑Yaʿrubiyah (Tel Koçer), roughly 100 kilometers from al‑Qamishli.
Ebdilselam Osman, until then an employee in the administration for education in al‑Qamishli, is transferred to a position in the Education Administration of Darbasiyah, roughly 60 kilometers from al‑Qamishli.
Îsam Huç, member of the Syrian Communist Party (Qedrî-Cemîl group). Huç, until then an elementary school teacher in al‑Qamishli, is transferred to a position in the Education Administration of al‑Yaʿrubiyah (Tel Koçer), roughly 100 kilometers from al‑Qamishli. Huç is personally informed of his transfer by the director of his school in al‑Qamishli. Despite numerous attempts, he is unable to obtain the decision in writing.
Nesrîn Têlo, writer. Têlo, until then a teacher in al‑Qamishli, is transferred to a position in the Education Administration of al‑Jawadiyah (Çil Axa), roughly 60 kilometers from al‑Qamishli. Usama Edwar Qeryo, of Assyrian origin and politically active. Qeryo, until then a teacher in Tall Tamir, is transferred to a position in the Education Administration of al‑Qamishli, roughly 100 kilometers from Tall Tamir.
Menal Ebdilwehab el‑Huseynî, a sympathizer of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî). El‑Huseynî, until then a teacher in ʿAmudah, is transferred to a position in the Education Administration of al‑Hasakah, roughly 80 kilometers from ʿAmudah. On May 30, 2009, el‑Huseynî is again transferred, this time to a school in al‑Qamishli.
Ebdilîlah Ucê, a sympathizer of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî). Ucê, until then a teacher in ʿAmudah, is transferred to a position in the Education Administration of Raʾs al‑ʿAyn (Serê Kaniyê), roughly 60 kilometers from ʿAmudah. Heyfaa Xelîl Hec Qasim, a women's activist. Qasim, until then a teacher in ʿAmudah, is transferred to a position in the Education Administration of al‑Hasakah, roughly 80 kilometers from ʿAmudah.
Mihemed Xêr Bengo, a sympathizer of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî). Bengo, until then a teacher in Tall Hamis, is transferred to a position in the Education Administration of Tall Tamir, roughly 120 kilometers from his home in ʿAmudah. He had been transferred from ʿAmudah to Tall Hamis only one year previously. Yûnis Hisên Esed, a sympathizer of the Kurdish Future Movement in Syria. Esed, until then a teacher in al‑Jawhariyah near ʿAmudah, is transferred to a position in the Education Administration of Tall Barak, roughly 120 kilometers from ʿAmudah.
Xidir Yûsiv Îsa, a sympathizer of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî). Îsa, until then a teacher in Dikkah near ʿAmudah, is transferred to a position in the Education Administration of Raʾs al‑ʿAyn (Serê Kaniyê), roughly 60 kilometers from ʿAmudah. Seed Ebdilrehman Ibrahîm, a sympathizer of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî). Ibrahîm, until then a teacher in ʿAmudah, is transferred to a position in the Education Administration of Tall Hamis, roughly 70 kilometers from ʿAmudah.
In all cases the transfers were justified as being in the »interest of the general public«.

March 31, 2009
Rodî Seîd (b. 1968), a sympathizer of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), and Yûsiv Ferman (b. 1980), member of the folklore group Xunav of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî), are arrested as a result of their participation in the Newroz festivities in ʿAmudah. After several days they are released from custody.

March 30, 2009
Enwer Naso (b. 1962), poet, singer and member of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî), Ehmed Kîkî (b. 1951), a member of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), and Fewaz Mihyedîn (b. 1967), also a member of the PYD, are arrested in ʿAmudah. They are transferred initially to al‑Qamishli and then to Damascus. On June 30, 2009 they are released from custody in the prison of the Faraʿ Filastin, a branch of the Military Intelligence Service, in Damascus. Kurdish cultural and political activities are given as the reason for the arrest.

March 30, 2009
Egîd Ebdilhekîm Hesen (b. 1987) and Mêvan Ebdilrehman Silêman (b. 1987), both from al‑Malikiyah (Dêrik), are arrested in al‑Malikiyah by members of the Political Security Directorate. On June 1, 2009, the single military judge in al‑Qamishli sentences each of them to three months in prison pursuant to Articles 307 and 336 of the criminal code. Hesen and Silêman are released on June 30, 2009. Hesen and Silêman had held up pictures of the PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan at a Newroz event in al‑Malikiyah on March 21, 2009.

March 29, 2009
The Supreme State Security Court in Damascus sentences the following members of the Kurdish Freedom Party in Syria (Azadî) to the following penalties:
Salih Mihemed Ebdo (b. 1977) is sentenced to five years in prison pursuant to Article 267 of the criminal code. Pursuant to Article 243, this sentence is reduced to four years. Additionally, all of Ebdo's civil rights are revoked pursuant to Article 49 of the criminal code.
Hisên Hemîd Mihemed (b. 1980), is sentenced to five years in prison pursuant to Article 267 of the criminal code. Pursuant to Article 243, the sentence is reduced to four years. Additionally, Mihemed's civil rights are revoked pursuant to Article 49 of the criminal code.
Cîhad Salih Ebdo (b. 1967), is sentenced to five years in prison pursuant to Article 267 of the criminal code. He is also sentenced to three years in prison pursuant to Article 285 of the criminal code. Pursuant to Article 204 of the criminal code, the penalty is reduced to five years. Additionally, all of Ebdo's civil rights are revoked pursuant to Article 49 of the criminal code.
Ebdilaqadir Seydo Ehmed (b. 1974), is sentenced to five years in prison pursuant to Article 267 of the criminal code. He is also sentenced to three years in prison pursuant to Article 285 of the criminal code. Pursuant to Article 204 of the criminal code, the sentence is reduced to five years. Additionally, all of Ehmed's civil rights are revoked. The aforementioned individuals were arrested on August 19, 2007.

March 29, 2009
Mihemed Xelef Remo (paramedic and responsible for purchasing) and Mehmud Ebdo Ebdo (controller) are transferred from the health center in al‑Malikiyah (Dêrik) to the health center in the city of Markadah, 300 kilometers away, in accordance with the decision of the health authorities in al‑Hasakah. Both of the aforementioned individuals were not at their work stations during a check on March 12. Thereupon it was alleged that they had taken part in the minute of silence organized by the Kurdish parties in al‑Malikiyah for the victims of the events of March 2004. Both deny this allegation.

March 27, 2009
The following supporters of the Democratic Union Party (PYD) are arrested in Darbasiyah: Ebdilhemîd Ehmed el‑Erbo (b. 1977), Cîhad Ebdilqadir el‑Erbo (b. 1983), Ferhad Ebdilqadir el‑Erbo (b. 1982), Kamiran Seedun el‑Erbo (Turkish citizen). Ehmed Mihemed Beşîr el‑Erbo (b. 1982) and Ehmed Osman el‑Erbo (b. 1982) are arrested on March 29, 2009 and Ehmed Izedîn el‑Erbo (b. 1989) is arrested on March 31, 2009. All of them are held at al‑Hasakah central prison. On May 31, 2009, they are brought before the single military judge in al‑Qamishli, and released on the same day for the time being. On July 12, 2009, the single military judge sentences all of the people in question to six months in prison and a fine of 100 Syrian liras pursuant to Article 307 of the criminal code. They are also sentenced to one month in prison pursuant to Article 336 of the criminal code. Pursuant to Article 204 of the criminal code, the penalties are combined to a prison sentence of six months and a fine of 100 Syrian liras. Pursuant to Article 244, they are reduced to two months in prison and a fine of 40 Syrian liras. As all those concerned have already spent more than two months in custody, the penalty is considered served. On the eve of the Newroz festival the aforementioned individuals set tires on fire, using them to form the word »Apo« (the name used by PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan) on a hill.

March 20 and 23, 2009
The following people are arrested pursuant to Articles 307 and 336 of the criminal code: Îwan Ezîz Ebdela (b. 1989), Hevend Salih Hisên (b. 1989), Dilxwaz Zeynilabidîn Mihemed (b. 1988), Ebdilkerîm Mihemed Ebdo (b. 1962), Riyad Kemal Hopan (b. 1977), Eymen Salih el‑Mehmud, Bendewar Behrî Şêxê (b. 1986), Siwar Behrî Şêxê (b. 1984), Mesud Ferhan Biro (b. 1984), Dilxwaz Mehmud Derwîş (b. 1982), Reşo Mihemed Şerîf Mîrxan (b. 1990), Riyad Mihemed Ehmed (b. 1952), Salar Barzan Ebdilrehman (b. 1973), Deham Hesen Şêxê (b. 1968), Ebdilkerîm Hamid Ehmed (b. 1979), Reşîd Remedan Osman (b. 1991), Ciwan Celal Seîd (b. 1994), Malik Ferhan Şêxê (b. 1992), Ismaîl Bekir Ismaîl (b. 1992), Nêçîrvan Ebdilselam Ehmed (b. 1991), Mezlum Ebdilkerîm Kafî (b. 1991), Şepal Umer Derwîş (b. 1993) and Roder Ebdilselam Ehmed (b. 1993). The first fifteen individuals named above are released from custody in al‑Qamishli on May 21, 2009. Their case is pending there before the single military judge. The last six minors named are released from custody in al‑Qamishli on May 7, 2009 against a payment of 5,000 Syrian liras per person. On the eve of the Newroz festival the aforementioned individuals set tires on fire, using them to form the word »Apo« (the name used by PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan) on a hill.

March 20, 2009
Members of the police destroy the stages built for the Newroz festivities in al‑Malikiyah (Dêrik), al‑Qahtaniyah (Tirbesipî) and ʿAmudah.

March 20, 2009
Silêman Ebdilmecîd Oso (b. 1958), a member of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî), is arrested by members of the Military Intelligence Service during preparations for the Newroz festivities in al‑Hasakah. He is brought before the single military judge in al‑Qamishli and accused of committing crimes pursuant to Articles 307 and 336 of the criminal code. On June 7, 2009, Oso is released from custody. His case is pending before the court. Oso tried to prevent members of the Syrian security apparatus from destroying the stage built for the festivities on the previous day.

March 16, 2009
Ibrahîm Ebdilmecîd Ferman (b. 1987) is arrested in al‑Qamishli and released from custody a few hours later. Ferman participated in a minute of silence organized by the Kurdish parties for the victims of the poison gas attack on the Iraqi-Kurdish city of Halabja (March 16, 1988).

March 16, 2009
Ebdilselam Şêxmûs Mehmûd (b. 1972), owner of the music studio as‑Salam, is arrested in ʿAmudah and brought to the Political Security Directorate prison in al‑Hasakah. Tape decks and tapes are confiscated. Ebdilselam Mehmud is released from custody in al‑Hasakah central prison on May 3, 2009. His case is pending before the single military judge in al‑Qamishli. He is charged with offenses pursuant to Article 307 of the criminal code. Mehmud played the song »Helebçe« by the Kurdish singer Şivan Perwer in his store to mark the anniversary of the poison gas attack on the Iraqi-Kurdish city of Halabja (March 16, 1988).

March 16, 2009
Ramî Şêxmûs el‑Hesen (b. 1982), Xelîl Ibrahîm Mihemed (b. 1977) and Mihemed Şêxo Îsa (b. 1957) are arrested for their participation in a minute of silence organized by the Kurdish parties for the victims of the poison gas attack on the Iraqi-Kurdish city of Halabja (March 16, 1988). They are released from custody on May 3, 2009. Their case is pending before the single military judge in al‑Qamishli.

March 16, 2009
Setam Hisên Mahir (b. 1989), student, is arrested on the university campus in Damascus, along with his cousin Fuad Hesen Hisên (b. 1983), a member of the Kurdish folklore group of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî). They are held by the Political Security Directorate until their release on April 4, 2009. Both took part in a minute of silence organized by the Kurdish parties for the victims of the poison gas attack on the Iraqi-Kurdish city of Halabja (March 16, 1988).

March 12, 2009
Kawa Betal Dîko (b. 1988), student, is arrested by the Political Security Directorate, along with the following students of the University of Aleppo: Ebdilrehman Mistefa Elî, Dara Ibrahîm, Rêzan Mihemed, Sêvîn Ibrahîm, Roz Xelîl, Mihemed Seîd, Seyfeldîn Mihemed, Behzad Muslim, Alan el‑Huseynî, Cîhan Silo and Ebdê Remê. Whereas the other students were released from custody on the same day, Dîko remains in prison until March 25, 2009. The aforementioned students participated in a minute of silence organized by the Kurdish parties for the victims of the events of March 2004.

March 10, 2009
Mihemed Seîd Ehmed Palo (b. 1961), a sympathizer of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), is arrested and released from custody in Damascus one month later.

March 9, 2009
Fêsel Sebrî Neeso (b. 1955, married, four children), a member of the central committee of Dr. Ebdilhekîm Beşar's Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria (el‑Partî), and Fener Cemîl Seedun (b. 1963, married), a member of the regional committee of the same party, are arrested when police storm an afternoon party celebration for International Women's Day in the Qanat as‑Suways quarter in al‑Qamishli. The aforementioned individuals are accused of membership of an illegal organization pursuant to Article 288 of the criminal code and on April 20 are released from custody in al‑Qamishli. On August 9, 2009, the single military judge sentences both politicians to three months in prison for membership of an illegal party.

March 9, 2009
The Syrian police prohibit fans of the late Kurdish singer Mihemed Şêxo from visiting his grave in Qudurbak cemetery in al‑Qamishli on the twentieth anniversary of his death. At the same time, the musician's family is also prohibited from holding any activities for the occasion. No such ban existed in previous years.

March 2, 2009
Nesridîn Mihemed Berhik (b. 1960, married, 14 children), a member of the politburo of Dr. Ebdilhekîm Beşar's Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria (el‑Partî), is arrested in his apartment in al‑Jawadiyah (Çil Axa) by members of the Political Security Directorate in al‑Hasakah. Berhik participated in an event to mark the anniversary of the death of the Iraqi-Kurdish leader Mele Mistefa Barzanî on the previous day. Pursuant to Article 288 of the criminal code, Berhik is charged with membership of an illegal association, and on April 20, 2009 temporarily released from custody in al‑Qamishli. On August 9, 2009, he is sentenced to three months in prison and a fine of 100 Syrian liras. Berhik filed a protest against the sentence and is currently out of prison. He stated that he had been tortured by the Political Security Directorate in al‑Hasakah.

March 1, 2009
Ebdilselam Ismaîl Ehmed, until then a teacher of geography in al‑Haskah, is transferred to the Office of Technical Services in al‑Hasakah after a decision by the Education Authorities there. Mihemed Dawud el‑Abtan, until then a physics teacher in al‑Hasakah, is transferred to the Health Office in al‑Hasakah. Ehmed and el‑Abtan assume that the reason for their transfer is a discussion on the so-called »shoe thrower of Baghdad«. A journalist had thrown his shoes at American President George W. Bush and was subsequently celebrated as a hero. Ehmed and el‑Abtan publicly advanced a different theory. They assumed that therefore the security authorities were notified.
Seed Silêman Hisên, until then a teacher in al‑Haskah, was also transferred to the Office for Agriculture in al‑Qamishli by decision of the Education Authorities. Hisên told the director of his school of a dream in which Syria and Iraq were united and the Baʿth party was dissolved. He assumes that she then notified the security authorities.

February

February 28, 2009
Members of the Syrian security apparatus in several cities attack Kurds participating in a ten-minute silent protest organized by Kurdish parties in Syria. The protest is aimed against Decree No. 49 from September 10, 2008. A total of twenty-three people was arrested: Dr. Ebdilmecîd Mehmud Sebrî (al‑Hasakah), Silêman Mecîd Oso (al‑Hasakah), Bafil Elî (al‑Qamishli), Mihemed Îsa Ibrahîm (al‑Hasakah), Dr. Fewaz Henîfe (al‑Hasakah), Dr. Ibrahîm Hisên Ebas (al‑Hasakah), attorney Behaidîn Îsa (al‑Hasakah), attorney Mesud Umer Kaso (Darbasiyah), attorney Silêman Mihemed Ismaîl (Darbasiyah), Elî Ibrahîm (al‑Malikiyah [Dêrik]), Umer Ismaîl (al‑Malikiyah), Mihemed Îsa (al‑Malikiyah), Hesen Ismaîl (al‑Malikiyah), Mihemed Îsa Hec Elî el‑Ehmed (Darbasiyah), attorney Mehmud Umer (al‑Qamishli), Hisên Ibrahîm Mihemed (al‑Hasakah), Elaidîn Hemamê Ehmed (ʿAyn al‑ʿArab [Kobanî]), Nesridîn Ehmê (al‑Qamishli), Fethelah Ehmed Mihemed (al‑Hasakah), Dr. Ebdilselam Îsa Osman (al‑Hasakah), Ekrem Silêman Keneeo (al‑Qahtaniyah [Tirbesipî]), Osman Silêman Elî (al‑Qahtaniyah) and Kêfxweş Îsa (al‑Malikiyah). The aforementioned individuals are brought to the Political Security Directorate in al‑Hasakah and interrogated until midnight. According to statements from some of them, the participants in the silent protest were filmed from security cars and several people were targeted for arrest.

February 14, 2009
Mihemed Mehmud Beşar (b. 1954, married, seven children), a member of Dr. Ebdilhekîm Beşar's Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria (el‑Partî), is arrested by members of the Military Intelligence Service and released from custody on April 22, 2009 after prison stays in Damascus, al‑Hasakah and al‑Qamishli. On May 24, 2009, the single military judge in al‑Qamishli sentences Beşar to six months in prison and a fine of 100 Syrian liras pursuant to Article 307, and to three months in prison pursuant to Article 288 of the criminal code. The penalty is reduced to three months in prison and a fine of 50 Syrian liras. An outstanding penalty of seventeen days is still owing. The sentence was appealed.

February 18, 2009
Mihyedîn Îso (b. 1980), human-rights activist, is arrested while checking e‑mails at an Internet café in Homs, his place of study. He is released after twelve hours. Îso assumes that the owner of the Internet café notified the intelligence service.

February 18, 2009
The juveniles Aldar Ebdilselam Ehmed (b. 1993), Ebdilezîz Cemîl Hiso (b. 1994) and Kawa Ebdilrezaq Mihemed (b. 1991) are arrested in al‑Hasakah. The prosecution accuses them of committing crimes pursuant to Articles 288, 308 and 576 of the criminal code. The first two mentioned are released on bail on March 23, 2009. Mihemed had already been released on March 19. On June 14, 2009, the juvenile criminal court closes the case since the defendants are under age. The attorney for the aforementioned juveniles stated that his clients were tortured. Those concerned participated in a night demonstration organized by the Democratic Youth Movement, the youth organization of the Democratic Union Party (PYD).

January

January 30, 2009
Cîhad Elaidîn Hisên, Rêber Nuridîn Ibrahîm Gêlo, Felemez Seîd Seedun and Ebdilqidus Ebdilletîf Hisên are arrested by police in al‑Qamishli for membership of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), as well as for participation in the PYD protest activities. On August 8, 2009, after six months in custody in al‑Haskah central prison, the single military judge decides to release them until the trial. The attorney for the aforementioned individuals stated that his clients were tortured.

January 28, 2009
The juveniles Beydar Ebdilselam Ehmed (b. 1991), Ebdilezîz Ebdilrehman Şêxo (b. 1992) and Egîd Ehmed Xelîl (b. 1993) are arrested in al‑Hasakah. The aforementioned are released from custody in al‑Hasakah on March 2, 2009. The civil examining magistrate in al‑Hasakah refers their case to the juvenile criminal court there, where the case is pending. The attorney for the aforementioned stated that his clients were tortured. On January 22, 2009, those concerned participated in a night demonstration organized by the Democratic Youth Movement, the youth organization of the Democratic Union Party (PYD).

January 22, 2009
The juveniles Xalid Cumaa Xelîl (b. 1996), Ebdilezîz Hiso Cemîl (b. 1993), Şiyar Mesud Bozo (b. 1992), Serdar Ebdilrehman Umer (b. 1998), Fewaz Mihemed (b. 1992), Şahîn Ibrahîm Abî (b. 1994) and Dilxwaz Mihemed Mihemed (b. 1992) are arrested in al‑Hasakah. The seven juveniles are released from custody in al‑Hasakah on February 9, 2009. The civil examining magistrate refers their case to the juvenile criminal court there, where the case is pending. The attorney for the aforementioned individuals stated that his clients were tortured. On January 22, 2009, those concerned participated in a night demonstration organized by the Democratic Youth Movement, the youth organization of the Democratic Union Party (PYD).

January 19, 2009
Elî Mihemed Meesum Meemo (b. 1959) is arrested by members of the Political Security Directorate from al‑Hasakah in Biʾr al‑Hajar (kurd. Berkevirê, Darbasiyah subdistrict) and brought to al‑Hasakah central prison. He is accused of committing crimes pursuant to Articles 288 and 307 of the criminal code. His case is referred to the single military judge in al‑Qamishli, who releases Meemo from pre-trial custody on August 20, 2009. The case is pending.

January 18, 2009
Omran Umer el‑Seyid (b. 1961), a member of the Kurdish Future Movement in Syria, is sentenced to four months in prison pursuant to Articles 288 and 307 of the criminal code by the single military judge in al‑Qamishli. El‑Seyid was arrested on August 21, 2008 in ʿAmudah.

January 17, 2009
Fewaz Ferhan Kano (b. 1966), employee of the Office for Agriculture in al‑Hasakah and a member of the »Committee for the Kurdish Language«, which gives Kurdish lessons to children, is arrested by members of the Political Security Directorate in al‑Hasakah. He is accused of violating the media law. Kano is released from custody on January 24, 2009.

January 17, 2009
Zekî Ismaîl Xelîl (b. 1966) is arrested by members of the intelligence service in al‑Hasakah. He is accused of violating the media law. Released on January 25, he is sentenced on March 22, 2009 at the Court of First Instance in al‑Qamishli to a fine of 50,000 Syrian liras and imprisonment equivalent to the time spent in pre-trial custody. [Download PDF]

January 13, 2009
Derwêş Xalib Derwêş (b. 1948), a member of the »Committee for the Kurdish Language«, is arrested by members of the Military Intelligence Service in al‑Qamishli. When he is arrested, Derwêş is carrying a publication by the »Committee for the Kurdish Language«, which gives Kurdish lessons to children. He is accused of violating the media law. On January 25, 2009, he is released and sentenced at the Court of First Instance in al‑Qamishli on March 22, 2009 to a fine of 50,000 Syrian liras and imprisonment equivalent to the time spent in pre-trial custody. [Download PDF]

January 11, 2009
Nasir Deqorî (b. 1962) is arrested by members of the Political Security Directorate in ʿAmudah and transferred to the Political Security Directorate in al‑Hasakah. He is accused of being a PKK activist. After several days he is released from custody. Deqorî has refused to give a statement about the background to his case.

January 10, 2009
Mustafa Jumʿa Bakr (b. 1948), a leading member of the Kurdish Freedom Party in Syria (Azadî), is detained in the prison of the Farʿ Filastin, a branch of the Military Intelligence Service, in Damascus. Along with his fellow party members Mihemed Seîd Hisên el‑Umer (b. 1955), arrested on 26 October 2008 in Rumaylan, and Seedun Mehmud Şêxo (b. 1966), arrested on 26 October 2008 in Raʾs al‑ʿAyn (Serê Kaniyê), he has been awaiting sentence since his arrest. The aforementioned individuals are accused of violations pursuant to Articles 285, 306 and 307 of the criminal code.

January 4, 2009
Ehmed Ebdela Tacidîn (b. 1966), married and father of five children, is arrested by members of the Political Security Directorate in al‑Qamishli. On May 25, 2009, after prison stays in Aleppo, Damascus and al‑Qamishli, the single military judge in al‑Qamishli decides to release Tacidîn for the time being. The case is pending before the court with the next hearing scheduled for December 9, 2009. Tacidîn is accused of violations pursuant to Article 288 (membership of an illegal organization, the Democratic Union Party, PYD).

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