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KURDWATCH, July 24, 2014—On July 16, 2014, the Democratic Union Party (PYD) has exiled Badran Misto, member of the Central Committee of the Kurdish Union Party (Yekîtî), from Syria. Misto was kidnapped from his home in Raʾs al‑ʿAyn on June 27 [further information on the incident]. According to a statement by the Yekîtî, his exile is based on a ruling by a PYD court.

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KURDWATCH, July 24, 2014—In an interview with the Hawar news agency, which has ties to the Democratic Union Party (PYD), Kanʿan Barakat, chairman of the Committee on Internal Affairs for the PYD‑appointed transitional administration in the canton of Jazirah, announced that all parties, institutions, and associations must apply for authorization by no later than August 17, 2014. Organizations that fail to comply with this requirement will be shut down.

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KURDWATCH, July 20, 2014—On July 11, 2014, the General Committee of Kurdish Youth (member of the Kurdish National Council) organized a demonstration in al‑Qamishli against attacks by the Islamic State on ʿAyn al‑ʿArab (Kobanî). Approximately twenty people took part in the demonstration.

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KURDWATCH, July 20, 2014—On July 13, 2014, the Military Intelligence Service released Haitham Farhan Haso (b. 1980) from custody in Damascus. The student and journalist, who is also involved in the SAWA‑coalition, had been arrested on January 16, 2013 in ar‑Raqqah after returning from Turkey.

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KURDWATCH, July 20, 2014—On July 15, 2014, four people, including a nine-year-old boy, were killed in a car bomb explosion in Tall Tamr, which is controlled by the Democratic Union Party  (PYD). All of the victims are Arab civilians. The reason behind the explosion is unknown.

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KURDWATCH, July 19, 2014—On July 5, 2014, fighters for the Democratic Union Party’s (PYD) People’s Defense Units (YPG) surrounded the village of Naf Kur, five kilometers west of al‑Qamishli, and called upon village residents to surrender two people who had fled from PYD‑custody. They discovered the escapees and brought them back under their control. Afterwards the YPG withdrew from the village. The YPG maintains its largest military establishment in nearby Himu.

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KURDWATCH, July 17, 2014—On June 27, 2014, relatives of the student Sherwan Abdullah Barakat (b. 1993 in ʿAmudah), who had been imprisoned since August 20, 2013, received a death certificate from the Military Intelligence Service, according to which Barakat died on February 16, 2014. The cause of death is listed as cardiac and respiratory arrest following circulatory collapse. Barakat was arrested at the University of Homs and transferred to the Palestine department of the Military Intelligence Service in Damascus. The relatives were neither allowed to bury nor view Barakat’s body.

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KURDWATCH, July 17, 2014—On July 9, 2014, the Democratic Union Party (PYD) in ʿAmudah organized a demonstration against attacks by the Islamic State on ʿAyn al‑ʿArab (Kobanî). Approximately three hundred people participated.

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KURDWATCH, July 16, 2014—On July 7, 2014, several dozen residents of the majority Arab village of Himu, five kilometers west of al‑Qamishli, demonstrated against the current electricity shortage. They blocked the road from al‑Qamishli to ʿAmudah for several hours until the rally was dispersed by the Asayiş, the security service of the Democratic Union Party (PYD). The residents of Himu accuse the PYD-appointed transitional government of the canton of Jazirah of diverting electricity from Himu to al‑Qamishli. The transitional administration in turn is accusing the village residents of obtaining electricity illegally.

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KURDWATCH, July 15, 2014—On July 7 2014, heavily armed conflicts broke out again between fighters for the Islamic State and the Democratic Union Party’s (PYD) People’s Defense Units (YPG) west of the city of Tall Abyad. Exact information on the number of victims is not available.

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KURDWATCH, July 15, 2014—On July 7, 2014, the Democratic Society Movement in Western Kurdistan (TEV‑DEM) organized a demonstration in al‑Malikiyah against attacks by the Islamic State on ʿAyn al‑ʿArab (Kobanî). Approximately one thousand people took part in the demonstration.

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KURDWATCH, July 12, 2014—On July 4, 2014, Kim Sayfuddin Ibrahim (b. 1997) was severely injured in a landmine explosion while attempting to cross the Syrian-Turkish border near ad‑Darbasiyah.

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KURDWATCH, July 12, 2014—On June 9, 2014, the leadership of the Asayiş, the security service of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), released a statement asking all refugees in the city of ʿAfrin to leave the area. Homeowners were asked not to sign any more rental agreements with refugees, regardless of ethnicity. All refugees who have a valid rental agreement may stay in ʿAfrin until that agreement expires. Refugees employing at least five residents of ʿAfrin in their own business may also stay.

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KURDWATCH, July 12, 2014—The »People’s House«, an institution controlled by the Democratic Union Party (PYD), in the district of al‑Hilaliyah in al‑Qamishli has demanded that the operator of an electric generator pay it monthly fees. The person in question told KurdWatch: »When I requested authorization to operate an electric generator, a monthly fee of twenty thousand Syrian lira was stipulated.« The reasons given for the fee were that the PYD supplies the people with diesel and provides »protection«. Privately operated generators supply residents with electricity for a fee when the regular electricity supply fails.

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KURDWATCH, July 10, 2014—On July 6, 2014, Jiwan Ibrahim, general chairman of the Asayiş, the security service of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), published a circular letter from June 21, 2014 on his Facebook page. According to the letter, anyone who insults an Asayiş employee at a checkpoint will be detained for at least forty-eight hours. Ignoring a checkpoint or »lowering its prestige« is punished in the same manner, as are any discussions in this regard.

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KURDWATCH, July 10, 2014—On July 7, 2014, employees of the Asayiş, the security service of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), denied entry to Ibrahim Biro, the secretary general of the Kurdish Union Party in Syria (Yekîtî), at the Iraqi-Syrian border near al‑Malikiyah. »I asked the employees of the Asayiş to allow me to enter the country, even if they then had to arrest me. However, they did not allow me to enter Syria. I know that this is a political decision«, Biro told KurdWatch.

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KURDWATCH, July 10, 2014—On June 27, 2014, the PYD‑affiliated women’s organization Yekîtiya Star organized a meeting of residents in the Arab-Kurdish district of at‑Tadamun in Tall Tamr. A resident of the district told KurdWatch, »Aside from a dozen members of the Yekîtiya Star, no one came to the meeting, which really upset the PYD.« A leading member of the Democratic Society Movement in Western Kurdistan (TEV‑DEM), another PYD‑affiliated organization, subsequently threatened residents that no bread would be sold in the district for the first five days of Ramadan. The threat was not carried out.

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